Measuring inflation anchoring and uncertainty: A U.S. and euro area comparison

monetary policy
macroeconomic dynamics
Journal of Money, Credit & Banking

Olesya Grishchenko, Sarah Mouabbi, Jean-Paul Renne


May 20, 2019

We use several U.S. and euro-area surveys of professional forecasters to estimate a dynamic factor model of inflation featuring time-varying uncertainty. We obtain survey-consistent distributions of future inflation at any horizon, both in the U.S. and the euro area. Equipped with this model, we propose a novel measure of the anchoring of inflation expectations that accounts for inflation uncertainty. Our results suggest that following the Great Recession, inflation anchoring improved in the United States, while mild de-anchoring occurred in the euro area. As of our sample end, both areas appear to be almost equally anchored.

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